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Head Injury in Children


Head Injury in Children

75% of children admitted to the hospital due to trauma have head injuries. 55% are children under 5 years old. 25% are children under 2 years old. Central nervous system injuries are the most common cause of traumatic death in children, although mostly head injuries in children are moderate to mild. 10-13% of all pediatric head injuries requiring hospital treatment result in death. Such traumas; It may occur as a result of vehicle accident, falling, child abuse, recreational activities.

In the clinical picture; loss of consciousness, vomiting, confusion, headache may be observed. Head X-ray, cranial USG (can be used in children under 1 year of age with open anterior fontanel) or cranial CT are preferably used in the diagnosis, considering the severity of the condition.

Head injury types:

Scalp injuries: These are cuts and abrasions on the skin.

Skull fractures: May occur in one or more skull bones. It often does not require surgery.

brain hemorrhages

Treatment is applied according to the severity of the patient. The neurosurgeon makes the decision to observe, hospitalize the patient or operate.

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